Josh Lawrence is an expert on applied educational research and adolescent literacy. Josh completed a three-year postdoc at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. During his time there, he led a randomized trial of the Word Generation program with Dr. Catherine Snow. One lesson from that work was that how schools choose to implement instructional change is just as important as the quality of the program or strategy a school chooses to adopt. He was subsequently hired and tenured at the University of California, Irvine where he published extensively on how middle schools adopt cross-content-area reading programs, and how these initiatives can improve vocabulary and reading scores. He is currently a Professor at the University of Oslo. You can find out more about his research work at http://readingresearch.info/.
We help schools reach their literacy potentials
WHO WE ARE AND HOW WE GOT HERE
To ensure high-quality literacy instruction in all content areas.
Local and State Leadership
In 2009, Josh Lawrence and Jacy Ippolito are both teaching at Harvard University. Lawrence teaches Developing Adolescent Literacy, and Ippolito teaches Literacy Coaching. The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education asked Lawrence and Ippolito to create PD materials and learning experiences to support literacy in middle and high schools statewide. Lawrence publishes a chapter on classroom discussion in the Handbook of Reading Research and a paper on academic vocabulary in the journal Educational Leadership. Ippolito publishes a sole-authored article in Elementary School Journal.
Extending our impact
Ippolito and Lawrence form Adlit PD, and requests for their expertise spread. They work with 15 districts in three states (California, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts). Ippolito and Lawrence edit the book Adolescent Literacy in the Era of the Common Core. Ippolito and colleagues also edit a themed issue of the Harvard Educational Review on adolescent literacy, and Lawrence publishes articles in the Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy and Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.
Deepening our learning
Adlit PD continues large, multi-year projects in Massachusetts and California, resulting in publications in the Journal of Staff Development and the Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy. Lawrence begins to develop online resources and gives presentations on digital learning and literacy at the Google campus (New York City) and the White House (U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs).
Adlit PD rebrands as Reading Ways LLC and launches a new web presence with online courses for school-based literacy leaders and teachers. Ippolito and Rita Bean publish Cultivating Coaching Mindsets: An Action Guide for Literacy Leaders, which is the primary text used in the Reading Ways Literacy Leadership course. Reading Ways also publishes Facets of Disciplinary Literacy and Critical Thinking: Theory to Practice and develops the hybrid model of strategy use.
Building Capacity and Communities
MEET THE TEAM
- Improving the Accuracy of Academic Vocabulary Assessment for English Language Learners, $1,600,000. (David Francis, PI). Role: Co-PI. US Department of Education, IES Goal 3, #R305A120045.
- Randomized Trial of the Word Generation Program, $2,853,517. (Catherine Snow, PI). Role: Coordinator.US Department of Education, IES Goal 3, # R305A090555. 2009 – 2013.
- Lawrence, J. F., Hagen, Å.M., Hwang, J.K., Lin, G., & Lervåg, A. (2019). Academic vocabulary and reading comprehension: exploring the relationships across measures of vocabulary knowledge. Reading and Writing. https://rdcu.be/OzX9
- Taylor, K. S., Lawrence, J. F., Connor, C. M., & Snow, C. E. (2018). Cognitive and linguistic features of adolescent argumentative writing: Do connectives signal more complex reasoning? Reading and Writing. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-018-9898 Argumentative Organizer
- Hwang, J. K., & Lawrence, J.F. (2018). Different Patterns of Reading Growth Trajectories among Adolescent Dual Language Learners and English-Only Students. In D. L. Baker, D. L. Basaraba, & C. Richards-Tutor (Eds.), Second Language Acquisition: Methods, Perspectives and Challenges (pp. 17–39). Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated.
- Chen, S., Lawrence, J. F., Zhou, J., Min, L. & Snow, C.E. (in press). The Efficacy of a Book Reading Intervention on Vocabulary Development of Young Uyghur Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2017.12.008
- Hwang, J. K., Lawrence, J. F., & Snow, C. E. (2017). Defying expectations: Vocabulary growth trajectories of high performing language minority students. Reading and Writing, 30(4), 829–856. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-016-9703-3 (online first edition)
- Grøver, V., Lawrence, J. F., & Rydland, V. (2016). Bilingual preschool children’s second-language vocabulary development: The role of first-language vocabulary skills and second-language talk input. International Journal of Bilingualism, 76, 136700691666638. https://doi.org/10.1177/136700691666
- Ippolito, J., Dobbs, C., Charner-Laird, M., & Lawrence, J. F. (2016). Delicate layers of learning: Achieving disciplinary literacy requires continuous, collaborative adjustments. Learning Forward.
- Lawrence, J. F., Francis, D., Paré-Blagoev, E.J., & Snow, C. E. (2017). The Poor Get Richer: Heterogeneity in the Efficacy of a School-Level Intervention for Academic Language. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 10(4), 767–793. https://doi.org/10.1080/19345747.2016.1237596 (online first edition)
- Hwang, J. K., Lawrence, J. F., Collins, P., & Snow, C. (2017). Vocabulary and reading performances of redesignated fluent English proficient students. TESOL Quarterly, 51(4), 757–786. https://doi.org/10.1002/tesq.346
- Lin, A.R., Lawrence, J.F., Snow, C.E., & † Taylor, K. (2016). Assessing adolescents’ communicative self-efficacy to discuss controversial issues: Findings from a randomized study of the Word Generation program. Theory and Research in Social Education, 44(3), 316-343 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00933104.2016.1203852
- Lawrence, J. F., ‡ Niiya, M., & Warschauer, M. (2016). Narrative writing in digital formats: Interpreting the impact of audience. Psychology of Language and Communication, 20(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/plc-2015-0012
- Lin, A. R., Lawrence, J. F., & Snow, C. E. (2015). Teaching urban youth about controversial issues: Pathways to becoming active and informed citizens. Citizenship, Social and Economics Education, 14(2), 103–119. https://doi.org/10.1177/2047173415600606
- Lawrence, J. F., ‡ Hinga, B., Mahoney, J. L., & Vandell, D. L. (2015). Summer activities and vocabulary development: Relationships across middle childhood and adolescence. International Journal for Research on Extended Education, 3(1), 71-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.3224/ijree.v3i1.19582
- Lawrence, J. F., Crosson, A. C., Paré-Blagoev, E. J., & Snow, C. E. (2015). Word Generation randomized trial: Discussion mediates the impact of program treatment on academic word learning. American Educational Research Journal, 52(4), 750-786. http://doi.org/10.3102/0002831215579485
- Zheng, B., Lawrence, J. F., Warschauer, M., & Lin, C.-H. (2015). Middle school students’ writing and feedback in a cloud-based classroom environment. Technology, Knowledge and Learning, 20(2), 201–229. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10758-014-9239-z
- Lawrence, J. F., & Snow, C. E. (2010). Oral discourse and reading. In M. L. Kamil, P. D. Pearson, E. B. Moje, & P. Afflerbach (Eds.), Handbook of Reading Research (Vol. IV). New York: Routledge.
Jacy completed his doctorate at the Harvard Graduate School of Education on literacy coaching and school reform. He is a national leader in coaching and professional learning. He has published over a dozen articles on coaching and school leadership, written or edited five books on adolescent literacy or instructional leadership, and currently co-directs the Educational Leadership program at Salem State University, where he also serves as department chair. Jacy advises Reading Ways on matters related to coaching and professional learning.
Fahey, K., Breidenstein, A., Ippolito, J. & Hensley, F. An UnCommon Theory of School Change: Leadership for Reinventing Schools. (Teachers College Press, 2019).
Ippolito, J., Dobbs, C. L. & Charner-Laird, M. Disciplinary Literacy: Inquiry and Instruction. (Learning Sciences, 2019).
Bean, R. M. & Ippolito, J. Cultivating coaching mindsets: An action guide for literacy leaders. (Learning Sciences International, 2016).
Department Chair, Salem State University, School of Education, Salem, MA, Secondary and Higher Education Department
Lead writer for Standard 6, International Literacy Association Standards Revision Committee, charged with revising U.S./International Standards for the Preparation of Literacy Professionals (2017), serving from 2015-2018
Board Member for the Specialized Literacy Professionals SIG (Special Interest Group), an affiliate of the International Literacy Association (2017-2019)
John Fahey is our Director of Business Development and has an extensive background in sales and marketing from the technology industry. John has also held a variety of positions in non-profit organizations and holds a Master of Divinity degree from the Starr-King School for Ministry from the University of California, Berkeley. John is currently a student at the Claremont Graduate University and is an active member of the Claremont Institute for Process Studies.