How to Build Anticipation in Reading for Your Students!
This prereading guide is designed to generate interest in an upcoming lesson and force students to find textual support for information. The anticipation guide activates background knowledge, challenges preconceived notions, and gives students a clear purpose for reading.
How to Use the Anticipation Guide
Fill out the guide with statements about the topic. Before the students read about the topic, have them use the guide to answer whether they agree or disagree with the statements that you fill out. After the students have completed the reading, they will go back to the Anticipation Guide to see if their opinion changed and if so/not, explain why.
Find Out What the Students Know
The Anticipation Guide can be used as a formative assessment tool. By having students fill out the guide, teachers can get an accurate perception of their knowledge and experience with a topic. The Anticipation Guide may help identify students who are confused by a topic or identify readings that may need clarification. Look at the"Support in text" columns of the sheet to gain insight into students' reasoning and ability to decipher and filter important information in the text.
Support Learners to Change Their Minds Based on New Information
This exercise can be designed to challenge preconceived notions. The teacher can include statements that are commonly believed but disproven in the text. This exercise can help foster intellectual humility and a disposition to be well informed. On the other hand, the statements can be used to activate background knowledge and thus help students realize that they actually know something about the topic. This can be very motivating, especially when facing a new and complex topic.
Students may rush through the "Before reading" portion, so encourage them to take their time with the questions as the more time spent thinking about them, the more constructive and critical their thoughts can be after reading the assigned text.
Download the Anticipation Guide
Just like all the materials at Reading Ways, this strategy can be and should be adapted to your needs. A possible way to adapt the strategy is to add an "I don't know" option in the "Before reading" column. If you want to promote critical thinking, letting your students know that "I don't know" is an acceptable answer might help them be open to seeking new information.
Fisher, D., Brozo, W., Frey, N. and Ivey, G. (2007). 50 Content Area Strategies for Adolescent Literacy. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Duffelmeyer, R. and Baum, D. (1992). The extended anticipation guide revisited. Journal of Reading, 35, 654-656.